Into Relevance: Treaty Words Matter

Authors

  • David Newhouse Trent University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54056/QEFG7609

Keywords:

Treaties and Treaty-Making, Treaty rights, Robinson-Huron Treaty, Robinson-Superior Treaty, Anishinaabe Nations

Abstract

Rebuilding Indigenous economies is a long, complex, and arduous set of tasks. It involves the creation of new institutions that can harness Indigenous innovation and creativity and channel Indigenous ideas and values into actions that improve the quality of Indigenous lives, enabling us to participate effectively in the world we find ourselves in. Treaties were one such institution.

References

Canada. (2019). Implementation of Modern Treaties and Self-Government Agreements. July 2015–March 2018 Provisional Annual Report.

Canada. (1969). Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian Policy. Ottawa: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, online: https://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/9.700112/publication.html

Canada. (1996). Final Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Ottawa: The Commission, online: https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/aboriginal-heritage/royalcommission-aboriginal-peoples/Pages/final-report.aspx

Indian Chiefs of Alberta. (1970). Citizens Plus. Reproduced in Aboriginal Policy Studies (2011) 1(2), 188–281. https://doi.org/10.5663/aps.v1i2.11690

Canada. The Robinson Treaty Made in the Year 1850 with the Ojibewa Indians of Lake Huron Conveying Certain Lands to the Crown. https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1100100028984/1581293724401

Canada. The Robinson Treaty Made in the Year 1850 with the Ojibewa Indians of Lake Superior Conveying Certain Lands to the Crown.

https://www.anishinabek.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/ Robinson-Superior-Treaty.pdf

Forester, Brett. (2023). “Ontario Says Cost of ‘Colonization Infrastructure Relevant in Treaty Annuity Trial”, CBC News (February 1), online: https://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/ontario-robinson-treaty-annuity-trial-1.6733685

Fine, Sean. (2023). “Ontario Says It Doesn’t Owe First Nations Seeking Compensation for Broken Treaty”, The Globe and Mail (February 2), online: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-ontario-judge-weighs-how-many-billions-governments-owe-over-173-year/

Indian Tribes of Manitoba (1971). Wahbung: Our Tomorrows, online: https://manitobachiefs.com/wpcontent/uploads/2017/12/Wahbung-Our-Tomorrows-Searchable.pdf

Powell, Betsy. (2023). “Northern Ontario First Nations Claim Up to $150 Billion Over ‘Flagrant Disregard’ of 1850 Treaty”, The Toronto Star (March 24; updated March 29), online: https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2023/03/24/northern-ontario-first-nations-claim-up-to-150-billionover-flagrant-disregard-of-1850-treaty.html

Robinson Huron Treaty Litigation Fund. https://www.robinsonhurontreaty1850.com/Restoule v. Canada (Attorney General), 2018 ONSC 7701.

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Published

2023-05-01

Issue

Section

Commentary